Above and beyond employment and labour law, but with huge public policy implications for the environment and public health, remote working could reduce carbon emissions from peak-time travel, said France-Massin, as transport accounts for 23% of global greenhouse gases.
The ILO report mirrors and benefits from the priorities identified for Africa in the 2019 Abidjan Declaration and by African ministers more recently, in the context of Covid-19 and the changed geopolitical environment, said Samuel-Olonjuwon.
Among these are issues of gender equality, child labour, the informal sector, rural economies, migration, promoting skills, technology, decent working conditions, productivity and social dialogue, and responses to climate change. Africa also has to implement international labour standards.
The pandemic worsened the burden of women, who had to care for children, the sick and elderly, and were more likely to be laid off, while women also suffered more gender-based violence at home and in the workplace during the pandemic.